Every year, the Air quality in Europe (AQE) Report presents an updated overview and analysis of air quality in Europe. This year the AQE report edited by the European Environment Agency (EEA) presented the progress towards meeting the requirements of the air quality directives made in 2015. Once again, the AQE report failed short to recognize the odours as a pollutant with a key impact on the air quality in Europe.
The Air quality in Europe (AQE) report analyses on an annually basis how the concentration of some chemical pollutants affects the air that we breathe in Europe. These chemicals are supposed to have the highest impact on air quality and thus on health. But where do odours stand here?
The last AQE 2015 report shows an overview of the latest findings and estimates of the effects of air pollution on health of particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and benzo[pyrene] and other pollutants such as sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, toxic metals and benzene in Europe. These chemicals are supposed to have the biggest impact on air quality in the 39 European countries studied.
However, one more time, and it is now five years in a row, this report has failed to recognize odour as a key vector to study the Air Quality in a city or town in Europe. By not considering the influence of odours on the air quality in Europe, once again this report has disappointingly fallen short.
This report neglects to consider the wide scientific literature about the impact of odours on health. Reports of adverse human health effects associated with odors from industrial plants have been recorded by numerous studies1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12. The most frequently reported problems include eye, nose, and throat irritation, headache, nausea, diarrhea, cough, chest tightness, palpitations, shortness of breath, stress and drowsiness.
Many epidemiological dose effect studies have been carried out showing a strong correlation between calculated exposure to odours and surveyed percentages of odour-annoyed individuals in a population. However, it seems that the EEA has neglected this information and has presented a somewhat biased report about the air quality in Europe.
Biased cause Odours are relevant to the air quality, and they are not there.
If you find this article interesting, you might also be interested in these articles:
- The first draft of the BREF on Waste Treatment (WT) has been issued
- The final draft of the BREF for the Intensive Rearing of Poultry or Pigs (IRPP) has been published.
- How a European Norm about odours was born in 1991
- What do you breath in when you drive your car?
- Are we there yet? Achievements and challenges in management of environmental odours
- Baldwin CM, Bell IR, Guerra S, Quan SF. Association between chemical odor intolerance and sleep disturbances in community-living adults. Sleep Medicine 5:53-59 (2004)
- Dalton P. Cognitive Influence on Health Symptoms from Acute Chemical Exposure. Health Psychology Vol.18 No.6.579-590 (1999)
- Dalton P. Understanding the Human Response. How people sense, perceive and react to odors. BioCycle, November 2003.
- Dalton, P., C.J. Wysocki, M.J. Brody, and H.J. Lawley,The influence of cognitive bias on the perceived odor, irritation and health symptoms from chemical exposure. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 69: 407-417. (1997)
- Heaney CD., et al. Relation between malodor, ambient hydrogen sulfide, and health in a community bordering a landfill. Environ Res. Aug;111(6):847-52 (2011).
- Miedema, H.M.E., Walpot, J.I., Vos, H., Steunenberg, C.F., 2000. Exposure-annoyance relationships for odour from industrial sources. Atmos. Environ. 34, 2927e2936.
- Oiamo T., Luginaah I, Baxter J.; Cumulative effects of noise and odour annoyances on environmental and health related quality of life. Social Science & Medicine 146, 191-203 (2015)
- Ragoobar T., ganpat w., and rocke k.; Physical well-being and malodour exposure: the impact of an intensive pig farming operation on a community in trinidad. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 5, No 2, (2016)
- Rethage et. al., Körperliche Beschwerden im zusammenhang mit Geruchsbelästigungen im Wohnumfeld. Perspektiven für eine systematische, effektive Erfassung, VDI, Gerüche in der Umwelt (2007).
- Shiffman S.S., E.A. Sattely Miller et al. The Effect Of Environmental Odors Emanating From Commercial Swine Operations On The Mood Of Residents Nearby. Brain Research Bulletin, Vol. 37, Pages 369- 375 (1995).
- Schiffmann SS, et al. Potential health effects of odor from animal operations, wastewater treatment, and recycling of byproducts. J Agromedicine. 9(2):397-403, (2004)
- Steinheider. B. Environmental odours and somatic complaints. Zentralbl Htg Umweltmed, 1999.
- Sucker et al. Adverse effects of environmental odours: Reviewing studies on annoyance responses and symptom reporting. Water. Sci. Technol, (2001)
- van Harreveld AP, Jones N, Stoaling M. Environment Agency. Assessment of Community Response to Odorous Emissions, R&D Technical Report P4-095/TR, ISBN 1 857059 247. (2002)