CALPUFF Model, History and Current Status – Part 1

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CALPUFF 2003 2019

   Dispersion modelling is a key element of most odour assessments around the world. There are 2 or 3 well known dispersion models developed for regulatory assessments of which the most well-known are, AERMOD and CALPUFF. Because both models have been US EPA guideline models until CALPUFF was recently removed in 2017, they are routinely used in most air quality and odour assessments.

   This article highlights the history and background behind CALPUFF and, the reason for its removal as a US EPA guideline model. Concerns with AERMOD for odour assessments will be presented in a separate document, Part 2.

Jennifer Barclay

Atmospheric Science Global (ASG). Auckland, New Zealand

 

4th GRAL User Workshop will be hold in Innsbruck, Austria, on 12 – 13 March 2019

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gral gui   The 4th Graz Lagrangian Model - GRAL User Workshop will be held in Innsbruck, Austria, on 12 – 13 March 2019. This recent lagrangian model is offered with a free GUI available in both Linux and Windows and has a special module focused on odour dispersion modelling. The workshop aims at giving an overview about all new developments, and it offers a distinct possibility for an informal exchange with other users and their specific experiences.This workshop is free.

 The Graz Lagrangian Model - GRAL - was initially developed in 1999, and has been used extensively in regulatory assessments and scientific studies. The initial driver for the development of GRAL was the need for a model that could deal with the frequent low-wind-speed conditions (< 1.5 m s-1 for up to 90 per cent of the time) in the inner-Alpine basins of Austria. Some papers have recently being presented that compares the use of the GRAMM/GRAL in some odour emitting facilities. This software is freeware, but the code is unfortunately closed.

CALPUFF is no longer a regulatory model for the US EPA

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calpuff recommended model EPA   The website of the Support Center for Regulatory Atmospheric Modeling (SCRAM) no longer includes the CALPUFF model as a recommended dispersion model. This means that one of the most widely dispersion model used for odour modelling is not recommended by the US EPA any more. This decision has serious consequences for the odour community.

   The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) originally published the Guideline on Air Quality Models in 1978. Since then, a few revisions of the Guideline have been carried out. In 2003, this Guideline was modified to include CALPUFF as one of the preferred model. This model was removed from the "preferred list" in May, 22 2017 (and now from the website). allegedly due to concerns about its capabilities to deal with long-range transportation of pollutants. This is no argument to exclude this model from the recommended list, as it is widely used for other purposes, different from long-range transportation. For example, when dealing with the calculation of the odour impact of a facility.

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