Gaseous emissions in Biological Waste Treatment Processes: Composting Plants, WWTP and Ecoparks

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imagen ale1   Nowadays, the increase of waste treatment plants based on biological treatment processes involve different kinds of gaseous emissions, from those known as Greenhouse Gases (GHG) to organic and inorganic volatile compounds. The latter are also related to the odorous impact produced by a determined process or installation.

   The present work is part of a project in which different types of waste treatment plants, either solid wastes or urban wastewater, are evaluated with the aim of relating their characteristic gaseous emissions –total volatile organic compounds (VOCs), NH3, H2S and GHG– with each kind of process.

D. González1*, J. Colón2, D. Gabriel1, A. Sánchez1

1) Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament d’Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (*).
2) Universitat de Vic – Universitat Central de Catalunya, Centre Tecnològic BETA (U Science Tech), 08500 Vic, Barcelona.

CO2 capture through a consortium of isolated microalgae of landfill leachate with column photobiorreators

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saldarriaga   Biogas is a very interesting source of renewable energy. However, its desulfurization is necessary, and sometimes an adjustment of the methane (CH4) concentration (upgrading), by reducing the carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration. The removal or capture of CO2 can be carried out by biological methods, with microalgae being the most used microorganisms, given their high CO2 assimilation capacity.

   However, high CO2 concentrations inhibit the microalgae growth, which makes it difficult to apply. In the present study, a microalgae consortium of leachate from landfills has been isolated to study the effect of CO2 concentration on its growth. Two bubble column photobioreactors were built with an inner diameter of 100 mm and a working volume of 8 L.

Saldarriaga, L. F1,2, Ramírez, M.1, Almenglo, F., Gómez J.M, Cantero, D1

1 Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Tecnología de Alimento. Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad de Cádiz. Instituto Universitario de Investigación Vitivinícola y Agroalimentario (IVAGRO). Av. República Saharaui S/N. 11510 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain
2 Departamento de Química. Universidad del Atlántico. Km 8. Vía Puerto Colombia, Colombia.
*

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in Indoor Air and its Treatment by Biofiltration-Adsorption

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Hort   Nowadays, we recognise the link between the growing frequency of illnesses such as asthma, allergies and cancers, and the effects of exposure to chemical pollutants in the air that we breathe indoors. Considering these negative effects, indoor air quality (IAQ) is a public health issue that also determines, to a large extent, occupant health, comfort and productivity and, therefore requires special attention.

   Currently, technologies used to treat this kind of pollution have been judged and are not considered fully satisfactory for achieving cleaner indoor air. Accordingly, the main objective of the present study is to treat a micro-polluted air with seven VOCs recognised as important contributors to the deterioration of Indoor Air (IA) (butanol, butyl acetate, formaldehyde, limonene, toluene, trichloroethylene (TCE) and undecane).

C; Hort1*, V. Platel1, A. Luengas1, M. Ondarts2, S. Sochard1

1 Thermal, Energy and Process Laboratory (LaTEP), Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, Quartier Bastillac, 55 Avenue d'Azereix BP 1624, 65016 Tarbes, France. *

2 Laboratoire Optimisation de la Conception et Ingénierie de l’Environnement (LOCIE), Université de Savoie, Polytech Annecy-Chambéry Campus scientifique Savoie Technolac, 73376 Le Bourget du Lac, France

 

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