IPPC Permits and Odour Emission Limits

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IPPC Permits of activities linked to odour complaints must consider regulation and reduction of odour emissions. The Environmental Administration of every European country should set an odour emission limit value for this kind of facilities. Therefore, the main question is: Which is the appropriate “target value” for odours?

Achieving compliance by the deadline of 30 October 2007 for existing installations should require an extra effort by the Environmental Authorities in EU countries. However, special care should be taken in these particular Integrated Environmental Permits. Luckily, This is a very good moment to set up odour limits for odour-emitting installations in those countries where no legislation about odours exists, as according with the art. 8 of the Directive 1996/61/EC, without prejudice to other requirements laid down in national or Community legislation, the competent authority should grant a permit containing conditions guaranteeing that the installation complies with the requirements of the Directive.

 

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Regulations with regard to odour nuisance caused by animal accommodation used in livestock farming (Odour Nuisance and Livestock Farming Act)

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explotacion avicolaLaw of 5 of October, 2006 on Livestock Odour Control. Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment of the Netherlands.

 

Greetings to all who shall see or hear this! Be it known:

Whereas we have considered it desirable to lay down rules concerning decisions on permits for livestock farms pursuant to the Environmental Management Act, to the extent this involves odour nuisance caused by the animal accommodation used in livestock farming;

We, therefore, having heard the Council of State, and in consultation with the States General, have approved and decreed as We hereby approve and decree:

article 1

The following definitions apply in this act and the provisions based upon it:

concentration area : concentration area South or concentration area East as indicated in annex I of the Fertiliser Act, or an area designated as such by municipal ordinance;

animal accommodation : a space, covered or uncovered, in which animals are kept;

odour emission factor : odour emission per animal, set by ministerial decree according to the animal category designated for this purpose;

odour sensitive object :building, intended for and according to its nature, organisation and layout suitable for use as human residence or stay and which is therefore used in such a way permanently or in a comparable manner;

odour nuisance : effects of the emission of odour on the environment;

livestock farm : establishment that belongs to a category designated pursuant to article 1.1, third paragraph, of the Environmental Management Act and intended for raising, fattening, keeping, trading, transporting or weighing animals.

article 2

1. In deciding on a permit for the establishment or amendment to a livestock farm, the competent authority takes into account the odour nuisance from odour intensity stemming from animal accommodation exclusively in the manner indicated under or pursuant to articles 3 through 9.

2. The first paragraph does not apply for the refusal of a permit with application of article 8.10, second paragraph, of the Environmental Management Act or for rules that are set with the application of articles 8.11, 8.44, 8.45 or 8.46 of the Environmental Management Act.

article 3

1. A permit for a livestock farm is refused if the odour intensity of the livestock farm on an odour sensitive object situated:

a. within a concentration area, within the built-up area, exceeds 3.0 odour units per cubic metre of air;

b. within a concentration area, outside the built-up area, exceeds 14.0 odour units per cubic metre of air;

c. outside a concentration area, within the built-up area, exceeds 2.0 odour units per cubic metre of air;

d. outside a concentration area, outside the built-up area, exceeds 8.0 odour units per cubic metre of air.

2. In contravention to the first paragraph, the distance between a livestock farm and an odour sensitive object which is part of another livestock farm, or that on or after 19 March 2000 has ceased comprising part of another livestock farm:

a. must be at least 100 metres within the built-up area;

b. must be at least 50 metres outside the built-up area.

3. If the odour intensity, defined in the first paragraph, is greater than indicated in that paragraph, or the distance, defined in the second paragraph, is smaller than indicated in that paragraph, a permit, in contravention to the first and second paragraphs, is not refused if the odour intensity does not increase and the number of animals of one or more animal categories does not increase.

4. If the odour intensity, provided for in the first paragraph, is greater than indicated in that paragraph, the number of animals of one or more animal categories increases, and a measure aimed at reducing odour intensity will be applied, then a permit is granted for the change to the number of animals, to the extent that the increase of odour intensity resulting from this change does not amount to more than half of the reduction of the odour intensity that should be the result of the measure applied with a view to reducing odour intensity caused by the livestock population for which a permit was previously granted.

article 4

1. The distance between a livestock farm which keeps animals of an animal category for which no odour emission factor has been set by ministerial decree and an odour sensitive object must be:

a. at least 100 metres within the built-up area;

b. at least 50 metres outside the built-up area.

2. In contravention to the first paragraph, the distance or the odour emission factor for fur-bearing animals will be set by ministerial decree.

3. If the distance, provided for in the first or second paragraph, is smaller than indicated in that paragraph, a permit, in contravention to these paragraphs, is not refused if the distance between the livestock farm and the odour sensitive object, situated at the distance provided for in the first or second paragraph, does not decrease and the number of animals of one or more animal categories for which no odour emission factor is set does not increase.

article 5

1. Without prejudice to articles 3 and 4, the distance from the outer surface of an animal accommodation to the outer surface of an odour sensitive object must be:

a. at least 50 metres within the built-up area;

b. at least 25 metres outside the built-up area.

2. If the distance provided for in the first paragraph is smaller than indicated in that paragraph, a permit, in contravention to the first paragraph, is not refused if the distance, provided for in the first paragraph, does not decrease and:

a. the odour intensity on the odour sensitive object which is situated within the distance listed in the first paragraph, and the number of animals of one or more animal categories, do not increase, or

b. the distance provided for in article 4 between the livestock farm and the odour sensitive object which is situated within the distance listed in the first paragraph does not decrease and the number of animals of one or more animal categories for which no odour emission factor is set does not increase.

article 6

1. A municipal ordinance may stipulate that within a part of the municipality’s territory a value applies other than the relevant value provided for in article 3, first paragraph, with the understanding that this other value:

a. is not less than 0.1 odour unit per cubic metre of air and not more than 14.0 odour units per cubic metre of air within a concentration area, within the built-up area;

b. is not less than 3.0 odour units per cubic metre of air and not more than 35.0 odour units per cubic metre of air within a concentration area, outside the built-up area;

c. is not less than 0.1 odour units per cubic metre of air and not more than 8.0 odour units per cubic metre of air outside a concentration area, within the built-up area;

d. is not less than 2.0 odour units per cubic metre of air and not more than 20.0 odour units per cubic metre of air outside a concentration area, outside the built-up area.

2. A municipal ordinance may stipulate that a different value or distance, provided for in article 3 or 4, set out in the ordinance may apply for odour sensitive objects that have served as part of a livestock farm.

3. A municipal ordinance may stipulate that within a part of the municipality’s territory a different distance is applicable than the distance provided for in article 4, first paragraph, with the understanding that this must be:

a. at least 50 metres within the built-up area;

b. at least 25 metres outside the built-up area.

4. A municipal ordinance may stipulate that within a part of the municipality’s territory a different distance is applicable for fur-bearing animals, with the understanding that this distance may not be less than the distance provided for in article 4, second paragraph.

article 7

1. In order to prevent an area from becoming less suitable for achieving the objective to be realised with the ordinance, provided for in article 6, the municipal council may decide to suspend permit application pending this ordinance.

2. In deciding to suspend application the council will decide for which area this applies and on which day this will take effect.

3. A decision to suspend application expires at the moment that the ordinance in preparation of which the decision was taken comes into effect. A decision to suspend also expires if the draft for the ordinance has not been put before the council within a year after the suspension decision has come into effect.

4. A suspension decision will be announced by making this decision open to examination. Article 3:42 of the General Administrative Law Act is applicable. Announcement regarding the preparatory decision will also be made electronically.

article 8

1. In determining the different value or distance, provided for in article 6, the municipal council must take at least the following into account:

a. the existing odour situation and that to be expected from the livestock farms in the area;

b. the importance of an integrated approach to contamination, and

c. the need for an equally high level of protection for the environment.

2. In determining the different value or distance the municipal council also takes into account:

a. the desired spatial layout of the area, or

b. the divergent correlation between odour intensity and odour nuisance.

article 9

If a different value or different distance than listed in articles 3 or 4 is defined for an area as provided for in article 6, and the effect from setting this other value or other distance affects the territory of a neighbouring municipality, the municipal council may only put the different value or distance into effect after consultation with this neighbouring municipality.

article 10

By decree from the Minister of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, in agreement with the Minister for Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, regulations are set regarding the manner in which:

a. the odour intensity, provided for in article 3, is determined;

b. the distance, provided for in articles 3 and 4, first paragraph, is measured.

article 11

The Interim Act on Urban Environmental Policy is amended accordingly:

1. Article 1, point h, is replaced by:
h. animal accommodation: animal accommodation as provided for in article 1 of the Odour Nuisance and Livestock Farming Act;

2. Article 2, point b, is replaced by:
b. to deviation of the values and distances, provided for in the articles 3, 4 and 5 of the Odour Nuisance and Livestock Farming Act.

article 12

In the annex relating to article 8:5 of the General Administrative Law Act, a passage is added to section C after part 5, reading as follows: 6. Article 7 of the Odour Nuisance and Livestock Farming Act.

article 13

The Act on stench emission from livestock farming in agricultural development

areas is repealed.

article 14

1. If an application for a permit is submitted before the time at which this act comes into effect with relation to such an application, the law applicable to such an application at that time remains in effect until the time at which the decision on the application has become irrevocable.

2. For the application of articles 3 through 6, a residence that was built on or after 19 March 2000:

a. on a lot that at that time was in use as a livestock farm;

b. in connection with the whole or partial decommissioning of the livestock farm, and

c. in connection with the demolition of the industrial buildings that were part of the livestock farm,

must be located at least 100 metres from a livestock farm within the built-up area, and at least 50 metres from a livestock farm outside the built-up area.

3. The second paragraph is accordingly applicable to an odour sensitive object that is present on the lot provided for in that paragraph.

article 15

This act comes into effect on a date to be determined by Royal Decree.

article 16

This act shall be cited as: Odour Nuisance and Livestock Farming Act.

Charge and order that this shall be published in the Netherlands Bulletin of Acts and Decrees and that all Ministries, authorities, boards and civil servants to whom it pertains shall see to the precise implementation thereof.

The State Secretary of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, The Netherlands

 

This text has been handed by Ms. Margrethe Bongers. Here at olores.org we would like to express our sincere gratitude and appreciation.

LEGISLACIÓN SOBRE OLORES EN MÉXICO.

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  En México no existe una norma para evaluar la contaminación por olores. la Ley General de Equilibrio Ecológico y Protección al Ambiente establece que la regulación de la prevención de la contaminación por olores es facultad de la Federación. De acuerdo con dicha ley, la Secretaría de Salud debe estudiar el problema y proveer la vigilancia necesaria para determinar en qué momento se producen daños a la salud de la población por contaminación de olores.

  Las quejas llegan a la Secretaría de Salud a través de las direcciones de ecología de los municipios, de las agencias de protección ambiental de los Estados, o bien, a través de las oficinas correspondientes de la Profepa (Procuraduría Federal de Protección al Ambiente). A modo de ejemplo, el 3. 5% del total de denuncias recibidas en los años 2005/2006 durante los cuatro años de gestión de la Procuraduría Ambiental y del Ordenamiento Territorial (PAOT) del Distrito Federal han estado relacionadas con la contaminación ambiental provocada por emisiones de olores asociadas a distintas fuentes.

  A este respecto, se muestra aquí un estudio interesante realizado por la Procuraduría Ambiental y del Ordenamiento Territorial (PAOT) del Distrito Federal, que pretende ser una aproximación para estudiar la Viabilidad de una Norma Ambiental para el Distrito Federal en Materia de Emisiones Contaminantes de Olores.

Algunos apuntes sobre la legislación de olores en México


El articulo 4° de la constitución de México, señala en su párrafo cuarto que: ”Toda persona tiene derecho a un medio ambiente adecuado para su desarrollo y bienestar”.

Por otra parte, la Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y Protección al Ambiente (LGEEPA) señala, en su artículo 5°, como facultades de la Federación la regulación de la prevención de la contaminación ambiental originada, entre otras cosas, por olores perjudiciales para el equilibrio ecológico y el ambiente.

En el articulo 7° de esta ley, se indica que corresponde a los Estados, la prevención y el control de la contaminación generada por la emisión olores perjudiciales al equilibrio ecológico o al ambiente, proveniente de fuentes fijas que funcionen como establecimientos industriales, y, en su caso, fuentes móviles que no sean de competencia Federal.

A un nivel más particular, el artículo 151 de la Ley Ambiental del DF establece que: “Quedan prohibidas las emisiones de ruido, vibraciones, energía térmica, lumínica, gases, olores y vapores, así como la contaminación visual que rebasen las normas oficiales mexicanas y las normas ambientales para el Distrito Federal correspondientes (…) Los propietarios de fuentes que generen cualquiera de estos contaminantes, están obligados a instalar mecanismos para recuperación y disminución de vapores, olores, ruido, energía y gases o a retirar los elementos que generan contaminación visual”.

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